The Algerian Economy: A Theoretical Approach on the Barriers of the Economic Reforms الاقتصـــــــــــــــاد الجزائري: مقاربة نظرية حول معيقات الإصلاحات الاقتصادية

نوع المستند : بحوث باللغة العربیة


1 1- MC-A- Faculty of economics, CHADLI BEN DJEDID University, Algeria

2 MC-B- Faculty of economics, CHADLI BEN DJEDID University, Algeria

3 MC-A- Faculty of economics, CHADLI BEN DJEDID University, Algeria


Since a few years Algerian economy recognized so many perturbations, the digression of oil prices has engendered a deep decrease of the state incomes, which lead to a great macroeconomic imbalance, the trade balance recorded a chronic deficit which make the balance of payments in a catastrophic situation, in fact the budget of the state become not equilibrated. 
This paper aims to highlighting the economic situation of Algeria, we will focalize our efforts on the explication of the main causes of the Algerian economic crisis, the principal hypothesis is that the Algerian government dedicate a large volume of subsidies to the society with no distribution strategy, and without targeting of the productive sector, which begets a structural deficit in the state budget.
The problem becomes more complicated when we know that the huge mass of subsidies has generates many orbits of “the stake holders” –persons and institutions- which have beneficiated considerably of the noyau of subsidies, which make them the primary front of the resistance against any kind of reforms lanced by the Algerian government.
We will try to give a deep diagnostic in order to make a precise suggestion to go out of the actual dilemma.

الكلمات الرئيسية

قاسمی شاکر، ملوکی أوس، دعاس عز الدیـن. (2018). « سیاسات الدعم وأثـرها علـى الاقتصاد الجزائری الدعم الانتقائـی کآلیة إنقاذ عاجلة -قراء معمقة فی تقریـر صندوق النقد الدولی- رقم: -16/128”، ملتقى وطنی حول” البدائل الاقتصادیة المستعجلة لضمان التوازنات الکبـرى للاقتصاد الجزائری فی ظل انهیار أسعار النفط وشح الموارد الجبائیة”، جامعة الشاذلی بن جدید- کلیة العلوم الاقتصادیة، التجاریة وعلوم التسییـر- الطارف- الجزائر-، 07 مای.

Andrew Jewell and MoezSouissi, 2016, “ALGERIA, Selected Issue”, (Washington: International Monetary Fund), IMF country Report , N: 16-128, Mai.
ARDOULING.C. (1995). « Economie algérienne : quelles perspectives?», Monde arabe, Maghreb, Machrek, La documentation française, n° : 149. Juillet- Septembre.
BENISSAD.H.(1979). « Economie du développement de l’Algérie», Economica.
BENACHENHOU.A. (1993). «Inflation et chômage en Algérie: les aléas de la démocratie et des réformes économiques», Monde arabe, Maghreb, Machrek, la documentation française, n°:139, Janvier- Mars.
Clements, B., and others, 2013, “Energy Subsidy Reform: Lessons and Implications,” (Washington: International Monetary Fund).
Coady, D., and others, 2012, “Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing: Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications,” Technical notes and Manuals (Washington: International Monetary Fund). 
Coady, D., and others, 2015, “How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?” IMF Working Paper No. 15/105 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).
Cuesta, J., A. El-Lahga, and G. Ibarra, 2015, “The Socioeconomic Impacts of Energy Reform in Tunisia,” Policy Research Working Paper 7312 (Washington: World Bank Group).
FMI. (2018). ‘Algérie’. Rapport des services du FMI pour les consultations du 2018. N : 18/168. MAI. 
International Monetary Fund, 2015, “Energy Price Reforms in the GCC—What Can Be Learned from International Experiences?” (Washington).
Mazraani, S., and B. Versailles, 2013, “Fuel Subsidies in Morocco: International Experience and Possible Ways Forward,” IMF Country Report No. 13/110, May 2013 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).
Mundaca, G., 2015, “Energy Subsidies, Public Investment and Endogenous Growth,” MPRA Paper No. 65741.
Office National des Statistiques, 2014, “Enquête Sur les Dépenses de Consommation et le Niveau de Vie des Ménages 2011,” Collections Statistiques No. 183 (Algiers).
Sdralevich, C., and others, 2014, “Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead,” (Washington: International Monetary Fund).
Vagliasindi, M., 2012, “Implementing Energy Subsidy Reforms: An Overview of the Key Issues,” Policy Research Working Paper 6122 (Washington: World Bank Group). 
L’ordonnance n°71-74 du 16 novembre 1971 relative à la gestion socialiste des entreprises. Plusieurs décrets mettront en application les dispositions de cette ordonnance (Décret n° 75-149 du 21 novembre 1975, n° 75-150, etc) 
Journal officiel de la république Algérienne, (JORA) du 13 décembre 1971.